IRD's ability to start a project rapidly and scale up as needed has become essential to managing a program in conflict or post-conflict areas. This was particularly true in our programs in both Iraq and in Lebanon following the 2006 July War.
Active Presence Since: 2003
Since the fall of the Hussein regime in Iraq in March 2003, Coalition forces and the Iraqi government have been working to restore damaged infrastructure and basic services while engaging the population in civil government. IRD specifically is currently implementing four programs in Iraq.
The USAID-funded Iraq Community Action Program (ICAP) assists community action groups, or CAGs, to articulate needs and mobilize resources to solve problems, local government to better meet these needs, and civilian victims of conflict. By involving Iraqi citizens in determining their own priorities as well as empowering them to communicate those priorities and mobilize the resources to address them, ICAP is modeling innovative approaches to decentralized democracy and governance in Iraq.
The Community Stabilization Program (CSP) in Iraq is a 28-month program designed to focus local energies toward productive economic and social opportunities and away from insurgency activities. It is a new initiative to jump start economic development and create jobs in specific areas.
Community Cohesion in Northern Iraq
Support for Minorities in Iraq
Iraq Mothers and Daughters Empowerment Program
Rebuilding the Iraqi Electrical Grid
Community Stabilization Program in Iraq
Iraq Cultural Heritage Program
Iraq Community Action Program
Cultural Bridges to Reconciliation in Iraq
Active Presence Since: 2003
IRD began working in Jordan in 2003 to support its Iraq operations. Since 2006, however, IRD Jordan has been implementing programs in Jordan and Lebanon to support Iraqi and Syrian refugees and to construct and improve community support for public schools.
Cultivating Inclusive & Supportive Learning Environments in Jordan’s Schools
Health Support for Syrian Refugees
Jordan School Construction & Rehabilitation Program
Outreach Services for Syrian & Iraqi Refugees
Health Linkages and National Networks for Iraqi Refugees in Jordan
Community-Based Support Program
Community Mobilization for Partnership in Schools
Community Based Support for Iraqis
Strategic Health Support for Iraqi Refugees (SHS)
Active Presence Since: 2006
IRD began working in Lebanon in 2006, directing economic recovery and development assistance funds to poor rural households in the south that were affected by the July War. In 2009, IRD began implementing the Entrepreneurship for Refugees (EfR) program in response to the influx of Iraqi refugees into the country. EfR connects refugees seeking work to job training opportunities and partnerships with local businesses. The program also provides legal services to help refugees obtain working papers. EfR recently expanded to offer services Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Further support for Syrian refugees in Lebanon comes through the Protective Support to Syrian Refugees in Lebanon (PSSR) program, which provides refugees legal assistance and information about their rights. The program’s small community support projects improve hygiene and sanitation services, provide supplies to local schools, and improve public spaces. In 2014, IRD began providing support to the Ministry of Health to improve state health services, logistical support to UNHCR immunization and awareness campaigns, and distribution of medical supplies provided by the World Health Organization.
Active Presence Since: 2011
Since March 2011, IRD has reached approximately 10,000 beneficiaries in Libya with non-food items, and another 450,000 with medical supplies and pharmaceuticals. We accomplished this by working closely with local civil society organizations, who have been critical in helping IRD understand the needs of and reach the community of internally displaced persons. In turn, the organizations have benefited from the experience and know-how of IRD international emergency experts who provided support for the distribution process.
Active Presence Since: 2012
Syria’s conflict began in March 2011 with public demonstrations of solidarity with the wider “Arab Spring.” It has since developed into a nationwide uprising and civil war. Over 2.5 million refugees have fled the country, crossing into Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan; and over 6 million are internally displaced. The Outreach for Syrian and Iraqi Refugees program supports UNHCR outreach efforts to Syrian refugee communities living in Jordan and helps them maintain a minimum standard of living and improve their access to education, training, and medical care while they rebuild their lives and plan for the future.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
While the West Bank and Gaza are constantly in the headlines, the attention does not mean that residents of this part of the world receive the support they need to build a strong future for their families. IRD's programs here are working to change that by improving roads, water systems, and schools, improving day-to-day life for Palestinians.
Unified only in 1990, the Republic of Yemen remains a strongly traditional society. However, tribal and regional rivalries, divisive political leadership, an influx of refugees from various countries, and the influence of al-Qaida linked terrorist cells have made it difficult for the country to develop socially and economically. IRD has been working in Yemen since 2009 to support communities to identify and discuss the underlying causes of conflict, promote community participation and activism, improve health and hygiene, assist refugees and asylum-seekers, and provide third-party monitoring for donor-supported infrastructure improvements.
Increased Access to Potable Water & Improved Hygiene Practices in Yemen
Improving the Health of Vulnerable Communities in Rural Yemen
Community Services and Assistance to Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Yemen
Grassroots Theater Initiative