As a country straddling the divide between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, Mauritania has long been challenged by ethnic tension between Moorish northerners and black Africans, with one group frequently enslaving the other. In the late 1980s, tensions were so high that 70,000 black Mauritanians were expelled from their country and settled in Senegal and other neighboring countries. With the passage of another in a series of anti-slavery laws in 2007, these families have begun to return. IRD is helping them re-establish themselves.
The Sahel region of West Africa is increasingly threatened by violent extremist gro... more